The Peak District is an area of outstanding natural, rugged, beauty. Nowhere else in England will you find such diversity of landscape. Industry has touched it, but left it relatively unscathed. Visitors flock to enjoy its windswept expanses and yet, with the exception of a few towns and villages, the area remains surprisingly un-crowded. It is an area steeped in mystery.

Some of its traditions can be traced back to Pre- Roman days, when the most powerful of the Celtic tribes - the Brigantes - ruled its moors and high lands. Circles of Standing Stones and windswept barrows litter the hills, testimony to a past dominated by the worship of the Old Gods.

Water was, of course, always important, but the worship of its deities has survived in this area like nowhere else in Britain. Throughout the summer months there is hardly a village that does not take pride in dressing its wells and springs with floral offerings, echoes of a distant past when these places were seen as portals to the other world.

From the 18th century onwards, writers such as Izaak Walton, Charlotte Bronte, George Eliot and D.H. Lawrence sought inspiration here, whilst celebrated travellers such as Defoe, Boswell and Byron found themselves diverted by its rugged wildernesses.

Today the area still maintains an aura of mystery. More UFO sightings take place here than in any other part of England.

There are Haunted Manor Houses that have changed little in hundreds of years. Wild and bleak moorlands where the "The Devil’s Bonfires" can still flicker in the early hours.

There are Deep Mountain pools steeped in legend and even a phantom aircraft that constantly sparks a full scale emergency alert!!

And just to round off an enjoyable day spent visiting mysterious places - there are an abundance of historic inns, where you can enjoy a hearty meal by a roaring fire or even spend the night in a haunted bedroom. Bon Voyage!

The Villagers Who Chose To Die

The Village of Eyam, nestles in a hollow, surrounded by hills which stretch upwards onto high moorlands. It is a remote and isolated village of pretty, stone cottages. It has a manor house, a church and a haunted inn.

But it also has a sad an poignant past, reminders of which glare down from every cottage or lie scattered about the gardens and surrounding fields.

Next to the Parish Church stand a line of houses which share the collective name "Plague Cottages."

In one of these in 1665 there lodged with Mary Cooper, a tailor named George Viccars. In September he received a parcel of damp cloth from London which he spread out to dry before the fire. Unbeknown to him, Viccars action released upon the village plague carrying fleas whose bite would, within the next twelve months, decimate the small community.

The first victim was Viccars himself, who died of a "strange fever" on 7th September 1665.

Within two weeks his landlady’s young son Edward Cooper had also died and the villagers braced themselves for the horror which they knew lay ahead.

By early October the plague was raging and, under the leadership of their Vicar, William Mompesson, the villagers made the brave and, for many fatal, decision, to cut themselves off from the outside world in order to prevent the pestilence from spreading throughout the district.

The church was closed. Families buried their dead in their own back gardens or fields. Supplies were left at a well outside the village, now called Mompesson’s Well, and which is clearly sign-posted from the church. Payment was left in hollows in the stone which were filled with vinegar to purify the tainted currency.

By the time the last victim died on November 1st 1666, the outbreak had claimed the lives of 260 residents from a population of 350.

William Mompesson's wife, Catharine, had died on August 26th 1666 and her gravestone can still be seen in the churchyard.

The villages heroic act of self sacrifice is still remembered annually at the end of August, when the village holds "Wakes Week." This colourful festival consists of well dressing and commemoration, and culminates in an open air service, at the end of which the current rectors wife lays a bunch of roses upon the grave of Catharine Mompesson.

Strolling through the village of Eyam, it is difficult not to shudder at the constant reminders of that fateful year. Most of the cottages are adorned with small plaques, listing the residents who succumbed, together with the dates of their deaths.

At diverse other places, you come unexpectedly upon the victims graves.

A little way along Lydgate, in a shady nook, beneath a tall oak are the weathered tombstones of George and Mary Darby.

At the end of a dirt track on the outskirts of the village, a dry-stone wall circles the seven graves of the Riley Family, whilst in the middle of a field behind Hollins Farm stands the tomb of Humphrey Merrill.

I can think of nowhere else in England where the tragedy of the past is so manifest in the present and, although the village does not dwell morbidly on those long ago events, a strange and eerie stillness certainly hangs over it.

The Miner's Arms
Eyam, Derbyshire
The Haunted Village Inn

The Miner's Arms dating from the 1630’s, and as cosy a pub as you could wish for when the winter winds blow down from the moors.

Tradition tells how the previous building on the site burnt down in 1629, and how two young girls, Sarah and Emily, lost their lives in the fire.

Regulars have often heard their girlish footsteps skipping about the rooms of the current building.

Many residents spending the night here, have complained of their respite being disturbed by ghostly activity, such as their room doors being open and closed, an action which appears to bring much merriment to their spectral tormentors, for it is often followed by a peal of girlish giggling from the corridor outside.

Haddon Hall
Where the Course of History was Changed

Picture a rambling castle that has changed little in hundreds of years, hidden amongst green trees, standing high and proud on a lime- stone ridge, which in the early morning floats magically on a carpet of swirling mist.

Such a place is Haddon Hall, a fairy tale Manor House, built by Richard Vernon in 1170. It stayed under the ownership of that family until the late sixteenth century when it passed, by marriage, to the Manners family whose descendent Lord Edward John Francis Manners now resides at this wonderful old house.

In recent years it has been used as a film location for the likes of Jayne Eyre , The Prince and The Pauper, Moll Flanders and Elizabeth.

The Hall has changed little, if at all, since the reign of Henry V111. The walls of its dark rooms are hung with splendid 17th century tapestries (one of which is said to have caused great mirth to the young Princess Victoria when she noted that her courtiers were still dressed in identical fashions).

Its stone steps and flagstone floors are worn by the ravages of time and its ancient fabric positively crackles with the of events to which it has born silent witness.

The psychically inclined have, understandably, detected much ghostly activity here. They tell of cold spots on stone staircases, of a white lady who drifts across the impressive 14th century banqueting hall, and of a ghostly dog whose yapping is heard in the beautiful gardens that have been called "the most romantic in England."

But Haddon Hall’s best attested legend concerns its involvement in a stroke of fate that literally changed the course of English history.

A frequent visitor to the Hall in the early years of the 16th century was Prince Arthur, eldest son of King Henry V11, and heir to the throne.

One September evening in 1501 following a strenuous days hunting, the Prince rested on the leafy banks of the river Wye in the grounds of Haddon Hall.

A tall woman, dressed in white with "features sunken and wan.. lips of ashy hue and eyeballs protruding bright and motionless" appeared to him in a dream and warned him: "Unhappy Royal Prince.. One earthly Pageant awaits thee, yea, it is at hand; and then, ah! then, thou wilt drop into the lap of thy mother earth! Forth comes to Britain's shore thy lovely, smiling bride - ah! and widow of a royal boy!"

When the Prince returned to the Hall that evening, he was greeted with the news that his bride to be, Catharine of Aragon, had arrived in England and that he was to be married without delay.

But, not four months after his wedding, he died of a sudden illness, his last words are said to have been being "O, the vision of the cross at Haddon!"

With his untimely death his brother, Henry, became heir to the throne, married his brothers widow and the rest is history.

Hayfield, Derbyshire
The Day The Dead Rose

The pretty village of Hayfield is watched over by Kinder Scout, the highest mountain in the region.

Hayfield possesses a sturdy, squat village church where in 1754 a quite extra - ordinary happening is said to have occurred.

"On the last day of August," according to a contemporary account, a communal grave suddenly opened, hundreds of bodies suddenly rose from their coffins and began to ascend heavenwards "to the great astonishment and Terror of several spectators."

Singing in Consert," they began to ascend heavenwards "to the great astonishment and Terror of several spectators."

They left in their wake a "fragrant and delicious odour" and one of the Peak Districts most abiding mysteries as to what exactly happened on that long ago August day.

Kinder Scout

From the village, a narrow road arrives a car park, from which a steep walk onto the slopes of Kinder Scout, brings you once more onto the rugged wilderness of the high moors.

The view of the mountain as it looms before you is strangely foreboding.

In the summer months, the smell of purple heather fills the air and the distinctive cackle of the red grouse can suddenly rend the air, raucous and startling.

In winter, the raging waters that come thundering down over Kinder Downfall, are blown back by the constant wind the resultant spray causing hundreds of tiny rainbows to hang in the air, lending an eerie, mysterious aura to the surrounds.

The fleeting glimpses of rare white mountain hares, as they bound across the turf add to the mystery, for these were always associated with wizards and warlocks.

It has been suggested that "Kinder" may be of Celtic origin and come directly from the Germanic "Kunder," meaning creature, being or prodigy.

In a shallow ravine, close-by Kinder Downfall, there is a dark, melancholic pool, ringed by squelching bog land in the depths of which is said to live a mermaid. She may well be the "creature" to whom the mountains name refers.

The Mermaid of Kinder Scout

It is a pool of lifeless marsh water.

No animal will drink from it and no fish swim in its murky depths.

A feeling of desolation pervades its shore as though some malign influence has cast a dark spell over the landscape.

It is said that if you gaze long and hard into the rippling black water you will be rewarded with visions of what the future may hold.

This has long been a sacred spot and there is evidence to suggest that human sacrifices were once carried out here.

The Celts believed that pools such as this were portals to the other world and the sacrifices were intended to appease the Spirits that dwelled beyond these gateways.

From this tradition has evolved the legend of the mermaid who, tradition holds, can only be seen on Easter eve at midnight.

Those who undertake what is no doubt an exhausting and eerie journey on the given day at the witching hour, will see the mermaid swimming towards them.

Breaking the surface, she will stretch forth an ice cold hand and either bestow upon you the gift of eternal life or else drag you to a watery death in the bottomless depths of her pool.

The last person to keep this vigil was journalist Sheila Wright who actually camped out by the pool in 1998.

Her vigil was, however, ruined by the antics of several other watchers who had chosen to celebrate the occasion by communing with spirits of a very earthly variety.

The Haunted Valley

Longdendale, "the long valley," stretches for ten miles, through some of the regions most remote and ruggedly beautiful countryside.

Towering above it are two mountains whose very names conjure up mystical images "Bleaklow" and "Shining Clough."

It is untamed country. One road circles its outer reaches, but the only way to get into its remote hinterland, is on foot. It is bleak but beautiful, haunted and mysterious; or, as Daniel Defoe put it, "the most desolate, wild and abandoned country in England."

Scattered across the high moor are the rusting wrecks of dozens of World War Two aircraft that crashed into these unforgiving peaks almost sixty years ago.

The fact that there are more ghostly encounters, unexplained happenings and UFO sightings here, than anywhere else in the Peak District, has led to it being dubbed in recent years "The Haunted Valley."

Longdendale Lights

To traverse the desolate Bleaklow mountainside as the last rays of daylight cast the eerie glow of twilight across its brooding shadows is to feel truly alone and vulnerable.

For travellers who passed this way a hundred and more years ago, when the terrain was much wilder, and superstition had a tighter grip on the popular imagination, the experience must have been terrifying.

But the hardships of those long ago times, meant that many had cause to venture onto the wild moors at night, and the ordeal must have been made all the worse for those who chanced upon the Longdendale Lights.

These strange, flickering lights or balls of blue flame were known locally as the "devil's bonfires" and they were attributed to the fairy folk, wil o’ the wisps or boggarts.

Some believed that they were the work of witches, whose evil intent was to lure the unwary to become sacrificial victims. There are records of them as long ago as the 16th century though they were, no doubt, a firm night time fixture long before.

They are still a baffling feature of this lonely wilderness, although these days they are often attributed to UFO’s.

People have spoken of rounding the hairpin bend on the B6105 known as "Devil’s Elbow" to find themselves suddenly dazzled by a powerful blue light that shines from a nearby field, but which suddenly disappears should they approach it.

The local mountain rescue team have been called out on many occasions to search for what were presumed to be the torches, or even flares, of lost ramblers.

They have got used to the flickering lights fading slowly away as they get closer to them.

On a warm summers night in July 1998, the residents at the nearby Youth Hostel were amazed when the entire district was suddenly lit up by a brilliant blue light that shone from somewhere on Bleaklow.

It was visible for over three minutes and was seen by so many people that a full scale search was undertaken by the emergency services.

But, as on previous occasions, its source was never found.

The Longdendale lights have never been satisfactorily explained.

It has, however, been suggested that they may be responsible for the high number of planes that have crashed onto the moors.

Some wonder if the crews perhaps mistook them for direction beacons and followed them into the hillsides. Whatever the cause, the wreckage that litters the landscape is now a permanent feature of the terrain and the most recent and publicised of all the valleys hauntings concerns the

The Phantom Bomber of Longdendale

There have been hundreds of reports in the last fifty years of ghostly planes flying over the valley. They have been seen by hikers plodding their weary way home in the fading light of early evening. By farmers tending their cattle. Policemen, fire crews, and other emergency workers.

On Thursday July 22nd 1954 two Sabre 4’s of 66 Squadron disappeared over the peaks. The crashed fighters were discovered the following Sunday by two ramblers who alerted the emergency services.

Eventually the bodies of the pilots were recovered and carried off the high moor, although the wreckage was left strewn where it had fallen.

The two pilots were experienced fliers, both planes were brand new and the cause of the accident remains, officially, unknown to this day.

The radio transmissions between the two pilots, shortly before they disappeared, however, provide a tantalising hint of a cause. It is evident that the two were flying in low cloud and were lost. "Where are we?" Asked one. "I’m not sure," came the reply. But then the second pilot apparently spotted a third plane and issued the fatal order "just follow the other jet through the cloud."

Those were the last words he spoke and, since no other planes were known to be flying in the area at that time, rumours abound that the two pilots were lured to their deaths by the appearance of the phantom bomber.

The most recent sighting of the spectral plane took place in March 1997, when Maria France and a companion had headed onto the high moor at around 10pm one night in the hope of enjoying a view of the Hale Bop comet.

As they gazed into the clear night sky, a low flying plane suddenly appeared above them. They watched as it passed overhead and rounded the peak, where it disappeared from view. It was then they realised that, despite the fact they could clearly see its huge propellers whirling round, there was no sound emanating from the mysterious aircraft.

There were, however, other startled witnesses to the phantom flight that night. These included a farmer who saw it round the peak and come diving toward him. So convinced was he that it was a real plane, that he instinctively dived to the ground and prepared himself for the inevitable impact.

A short time later several witnesses heard the sound of a plane crashing and saw an orange glow light up the sky.

Within moments the emergency services were inundated with phone calls from concerned locals reporting a plane crash on the high moors.

But despite the fact that hundreds of emergency workers scoured the area for more than fifteen hours, no fresh wreckage was discovered and no plane was ever reported missing.

The Haunted Valley exerts a powerful grip on the imagination. It is a wilderness for wanderers without watches. It captivates and terrifies in equal doses. So absorb its atmosphere. Walk its twisted trails across the rugged terrain, and listen as the wind whistles its mournful tunes through the gaps in the grit stone rocks.

And, as the night falls across Bleaklow and Shining Clough, plunging the landscape into darkness, you may spy a flicker of light on the lonely moor and know that, even in this enlightened age, there are still things that remain mysterious and unexplained.

For, when the shadows of the night close in, the Haunted Valley’s other residents stir once more into ghostly life.

Snailbeach Lead Mines

The date 1881 is emblazoned in white letters on a tall brick chimney.

The ruinous buildings cling eerily to the lower slopes of a wooded hill, still silent and brooding.

A cold tunnel where a rusting carriage stands on rusting tracks which stretch into the darkness of a brick lined tunnel rusting remnants of old carriages on the equally rusting tracks that stretch into the cold eerie darkness of a brick lined tunnel that disappears into the side of the hill on which the mine buildings stand.

At one time close on 500 people were employed at this the largest of the many mines that once dotted this sleepy Shropshire countryside.

Competition from overseas lead mines lead to a decline in the industry in this country and the mine was closed in 1911. Slowly the tunnels were allowed to flood.

The brickwork crumbled away, its proud walls toppled and fell as the weeds crept unchecked over the site.

Lilleshall Abbey

The extensive and evocative ruins of this Augustinian Abbey date from the 12th and 13th centuries. It was a Royalist stronghold in the Civil War.

Its a peaceful setting on green lawns and ancient yew trees.

Dark, forbidding winding spiral staircases lead to precarious parapets which afford stunning views across the surrounding countryside.

A peaceful and tranquil location.

A grim – visaged spectral monk is said to wander the crumbling ruins on summer evenings causing consternation to those who happen to cross his path.

Even more alarming, though, are the agonised screams that have been known to shatter the tranquil silence and cold shivers racing down the spines of those unfortunate enough to be present when long a forgotten murder or terrible bout of medieval torture is re-enacted by the ghosts .

Little Moreton Hall

This timber-framed moated manor house with its reeling walls that lean at drunken angles and tiny mullioned windows walls that lean at strange almost drunken angles, a picturesque moat and an inner cobbled courtyard.

A grey lady haunts the spectacular long gallery, drifting by astonished witnesses only to fade slowly away as they turn to look at her.

More disturbing are the heart rending cries of sobbing child that have been heard in and around the chapel.

Capesthorne Manor

An imposing huge pile of magnificent red brick Capesthorne manor is believed to have been the designed in 1722 by John Wood famed architect behind the transformation of Bath.

It’s proximity the sleek white modernity of the satellite dishes of Joderell Bank make a bizarre neighbours.

A number of phantoms haunt the stately pile. A ghostly procession of "writhing grey figures" has been seen descending into the vault beneath the chapel while the wraith of a mysterious grey lady has surprised many visitors as she drifts around the corridors and cubby-holes of the house.

But the most bizarre and indeed frightening paranormal experience befell a member of the family who one dark night in 1958 was woken by the sound of his bedroom window rattling noisily.

Looking across at the window he saw a severed arm which was apparently attempting to open the window. Leaping from his bed he moved to the window and reached out towards the latch, whereupon the ghostly limb suddenly vanished.

Gawsworth Hall

This attractive half-timbered manor house dates largely from the 15th century.

It was once the home of the Fitton family whose wayward daughter Mary was Maid of Honour to Elizabeth 1st and a possible contender for Shakespeare’s "Dark Lady" of the sonnets.

Her effigy can be seen in the nearby church, kneeling behind those of her sister and Mother Dame Alice Fitton, who rests her head upon her hand perhaps in weary acceptance of her youngest daughters fecklessness.

A ghostly lady resplendent in "ancient costume" has been seen around the courtyard of the old house whilst several guests have been troubled by the inexplicable smell of incense drifting from the vicinity of the Priest’s Room.

In 1921 an old cupboard was removed from the oratory where an escape hatch led to the cellars. Workmen were horrified to discover a skeleton hidden behind the cupboard. The bones were buried in the churchyard but this did not seem to placate the phantoms in the area for the smell of incense continues to pervade from the vicinity of the priests hide.

Gawsworth with its long history, its memories, shadows and secrets is a jewel in the Cheshire countryside. It’s ghosts drift aimlessly through its ancient rooms.

There are numerous tales of ghostly activity within the magnificent walls of the old house.

Lyme Park

The cold and aloof exterior of the palatial Stately home that nestles amidst its own immense lush grounds is not in the least bit inviting or even welcoming.

A weariness hangs over its cold stone floors and pervades its echoing corridors whilst the inner courtyard of brown-grey sandstone with its chipped marble floor is positively dreary.

Yet upon entering the house you find yourself wandering through a labyrinth of dark wood corridors and rooms that are both cosy and immense.

Period furniture and hanging tapestries, Grinling Gibbons carvings and secret panels.

One of the first owners of a house on this site was Sir Piers Legh who died while fighting for King and country in Paris in 1422.

His body was brought back for burial at Lyme Park and his grief stricken wife Lady Joan, watched the sorrowful cortege wend its weary way along the drive to her slain husbands final resting place at a site thereafter known as "Knights Low" or "Knights Sorrow."

Unnoticed in the cortege was Piers mistress, Blanche, who following his interment made her way to the nearby banks of the river Bolin and pined to death.

When her body was discovered they buried poor Blanch on the spot where the meadow became known as "Lady’s Grave."

And on stormy nights when the swirling clouds move eerily across the face of the moon casting and the trees cast strange writhing shadows across the windswept park a ghostly procession is said to move slowly along the drive and a little way behind drifts the white grief stricken figure of Blanch her wailing cries rising eerily above the howling winds and driving rain.

In the upper rooms of the house itself the impressive long gallery leads the intrepid visitor to the "Knight's Bedroom, "which on account of the fact it is haunted is known as "The Ghost Room."

There is a tradition that Mary Queen of Scots slept here while she was a prisoner of Queen Elizabeth 1st.

In the 18th century the skeleton of a priest was found beneath the floorboards.

The room is very dark with an ornate fire place the room is dominated by a massive four poster bed with demonic faces carved upon it.

People have come out of the room speaking of the sweet though ghostly smell of oranges that seems to pervade the air.

A young child visiting the room in 1999 suddenly went into hysterics and began pointing wildly at the bed insisting that he could see children playing on the bed.

The white lady haunts the woods outside.

A haunting atmospheric interior of dark wood panelling greets the visitor on crossing the threshold into this building.